How Physiotherapy Helps with Back Pain
Updated: Apr 6
Back pain is a common issue that physiotherapy can help with. Back pain can be caused by a variety of conditions and injuries, many of which we will discuss. However, many different treatments and exercises can be utilised as a part of physiotherapy for back pain.
Types of Back Pain
There are many different types of back pain, each with its own set of causes and symptoms. The most common type of back pain is lower back pain, which affects the lower part of the spine. Lower back pain can be caused by several different things, including muscle strain, poor posture, obesity, and pregnancy. Symptoms of lower back pain can include muscle aches, throbbing, sharp pains, and stiffness.
Another common type of back pain is upper back pain. Upper back pain is usually caused by things like poor posture, muscle strain, or arthritis. Symptoms of upper back pain can include muscle aches, stiffness, or sharp pains.
Medical Conditions That Cause Back Pain
Several medical conditions can cause back pain. These include herniated discs, degenerative disc disease, scoliosis, and spondylolisthesis. Herniated discs occur when the gel-like centre of a disc bulges out through a tear in the outer layer of the disc. This can put pressure on the nerves surrounding the disc and cause pain. Degenerative disc disease occurs when the discs between the vertebrae begin to break down and collapse. This can lead to pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.
Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine curves to one side. This can cause back pain and difficulty moving. Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one vertebra slips out of place and onto the one below it. This can cause pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.
Another condition that causes back pain is spinal stenosis. This condition occurs when the spaces in the spine narrow, putting pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. This can cause pain, numbness, and difficulty walking.
If you are experiencing any type of back pain, it is important to see a physiotherapist or doctor so they can properly diagnose the cause of your pain and prescribe the best course of treatment. Treatment for back pain often includes physiotherapy, massage therapy, acupuncture, and chiropractic care.
Physiotherapy Treatment for Back Pain
Physiotherapy is a great treatment option for back pain. Physiotherapists are trained to assess and treat a wide variety of musculoskeletal conditions. They will work with you to create a treatment plan that is specific to your needs. Treatment may include exercises, stretches, manual therapy, and education on things like posture and ergonomics.
Physiotherapy can help to relieve pain, improve the range of motion, and increase strength and flexibility. physiotherapy can also help to prevent further injury by correcting any underlying issues that may be contributing to your back pain.
Can physiotherapy help with chronic pain?
Yes, physiotherapy can be an effective treatment for chronic pain by addressing underlying physical impairments and improving mobility and function.
One of the most common physiotherapy treatment techniques for back pain is manual therapy. This involves the physiotherapist using their hands to apply pressure and manipulate the muscles and joints in the back. Manual therapy can help to relieve pain, increase the range of motion, and improve movement patterns.
Active Release Techniques
Active release techniques (ART) is a type of manual therapy that is often used to treat back pain. ART involves the physiotherapist applying pressure to the muscles and tissues in the back while moving them in specific directions. This helps to release tension and improve movement patterns.
Trigger Point Dry Needling
Trigger point dry needling (TDN) is another type of manual therapy that can be effective
Exercises for Back Pain. This involves the physiotherapist inserting a small needle into the muscle tissue to release tension and improve movement patterns.
Mobilisations are another type of manual therapy that can be used to treat back pain. This involves the physiotherapist using their hands to apply pressure and move the joints in the back. Mobilisations can help to improve the range of motion and reduce pain in your back.
One of the best things you can do for back pain is to keep your muscles flexible. Tight muscles can lead to more pain and restricted movement. Stretching exercises can help to lengthen and relax the muscles in your back.
Strong muscles are important for supporting the spine and preventing back pain. There is a variety of strengthening exercises that can help to build the muscles in your back, including squats, lunges, and bridges.
At Falcon Health, we offer a variety of physiotherapy treatment techniques for back pain. These include manual therapy, active release techniques, trigger point dry needling, mobilisations, stretching exercises, and strengthening exercises. We will tailor a treatment plan specifically for you based on your individual needs. Contact us today to book an appointment.
Article: Phoenix Marketing